Archlinux in Virtualbox

Install Arch Linux in Virtualbox


Partition the disks

$ fdisk /dev/sda


> n
> return (default primary)
> return (default partition 1)
> return (default first sector)
> +250M


> n
> return (default primary)
> return (default partition 2)
> return (default first sector)
> +2G


> n
> return (default primary)
> return (default partition 3)
> return (default first sector)
> +2G
> return


> n
> p (make primary)
> return (default first sector)
> return (default last sector)

make /dev/sda1 bootable

> a
> 1

make /dev/sda1 to swap type partition

> t
> 2
> 82

write table to disk and exit fdisk

> w

Format the partitions

format partitions

$ mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda1
$ mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda3
$ mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda4

make swap

$ mkswap /dev/sda2

mount swap

$ swapon /dev/sda2

Mount the partitions

$ mount /dev/sda3 /mnt
$ cd /mnt
$ mkdir boot home
$ mount /dev/sda1 boot
$ mount /dev/sda4 home
$ cd /


Select the mirrors

rankmirrors to make this faster (though it takes a while)

mv /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.orig
rankmirrors -n 6 /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist.orig \>/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
pacman -Syy

Install the base packages

# install base packages (take a coffee break if you have slow internet)
pacstrap /mnt base base-devel

Configure the system

Generate an fstab file

$ genfstab -p /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab

Change root into the new system

$ arch-chroot /mnt

Set the hostname

$ echo [archlinux] > /etc/hostname

Set the time zone

$ ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Australia/Sydney /etc/localtime

uncomment the needed locales in /etc/locale.gen, then generate them with

$ locale-gen

Set locale preferences in /etc/locale.conf and possibly $HOME/.config/locale.conf

$ echo LANG=en_US.UTF-8 > /etc/locale.conf

Set the root password (root account ,not your account, we will create that later)

$ passwd

Install a bootloader

$ pacman -S grub-bios
$ grub-install /dev/sda

Create a new initial RAM disk

$ mkinitcpio -p linux
$ grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
$ exit

Unmount the partitions

$ umount /mnt/home
$ umount /mnt/boot
$ umout /mnt
$ reboot

Until not, we finish installing archlinux, then we are going to setup the system.


After reboot, you might not be able to connect to innternet, run command to get ip address

$ dhcpcd

run it automatically when system starts

$ systemctl enable dhcpcd

turn on multi lib to install 32bit applications

$ vi /etc/pacman.conf


Include = /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

update packages

$ pacman -Syy
$ pacman -Su

install x environment

$ pacman -S xorg-server xorg-xinit xorg-server-utils

intall mesa for 3d

$ pacman -S mesa

install virtualbox guest packages

$ pacman -S virtualbox-guest-utils
$ modprobe -a vboxguest vboxsf vboxvideo


$ vi /etc/modules-load.d/virtualbox.conf


$ reboot
$ pacman -S xorg-twm xorg-xclock xterm
$ startx

create user to login

$ useradd -m -g users -G storage,power,wheel -s /bin/bash jma
$ passwd jma
$ visudo

allow user to run sudo command

find Uncomment to allow members of group wheel to execute any command and uncomment %wheel ALL=(ALL) ALL

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